Summary of Findings: Parental involvement in children’s education from an early age has a significant effect on educational achievement, and continues to do so into adolescence and adulthood. The quality and content of fathers’ involvement matter more for children’s outcomes than the quantity of time fathers spend with their children.

Note, other research such as Warshak’s “Social Science and Parenting Plans for Young Children: A Consensus Report” finds the quantum of parenting time to be important (it seems hardly surprising that the quality and quantity of parenting time are important in this regard and are not mutually exclusive).

Report published by the Department for Schools, Children and Families [2008].

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